Only towards the end of the empire (1911) and during the republic period appeared increasingly more manufacturers', studio and factory marks on Chinese ceramics. In this view Chinese porcelain is different from European and later Japanese porcelain.Antique Chinese Marks More on Chinese Pottery Marks Antique china marks from Europe are basically all of a similar type, that is, they are a kind of logo, showing which factory made a specific item.The marking on each piece reads "fine bone china - crown -est (picture of a crown) 1801 - (two backward E's, overlapping at top and touching at bottom), Staffordshire, Made in England.
Their production is marked with one or the other of the several versions of the Wedgwood and Bentley mark.
This provided well-known marks such as "Bavaria," "England," "Nippon," - indicating the country of manufacture.
Before the late Qing dynasty and early republic period porcelain from the Middle Kingdom had basically no factory and few manufacturer's marks.
The only way to gain an appreciation of the character of Old Wedgwood is to examine it, with the eye and with the finger tips.
It is impossible to convey that quality in either words or photographs.